## Basic Electromagnetic Fields (EMF) Calculator:

This Electromagnetic Fields (EMF) Calculator makes the following assumptions;

1. All transmissions are at most 50% on and 50% off, such as having a QSO.

2. In addition to the 50% on, 50% off nature of all amateur transmissions, the calculator also accounts for Duty Cycle.
SSB and CW are assumed to be 50% duty cycle, while AM/FM and Data modes are assumed to be 100% duty.

3. Transmitter power, is just that, the power output from your transmitter, this assumes 0dB coax loss, presenting a
worst case scenario.

4. ERP is calculated based on 100% of the transmitted power reaching the antenna, and the antenna Gain you specify in dB,
this dB value can be expressed as dBi (isotropic) or dBd (gain relitive to a dipole antenna).

5. EIRP is calculated as ERP x 1.64 per the Ofcom calculator Linked Here

6. EIRP Average is calculated as EIRP x Duty Cycle x Transmitter On Time (assumed to be 50%, see above).

7. Exactly like the Ofcom calulator, this tool provides conservative seperation distance assuming that:

i. Antenna height and pattern are not accounted for;

ii. Typical ground reflection conditions (of 0.6);

iii. Typical free space impedance (of 377 ohms);

8. The figures used to calculate the safe distance (1998) are based on those found in Table 7 ICNIRP 1998 Guidelines.

9. The figures used to calculate the safe distance (2020) are based on those found in Table 6 ICNIRP 2020 Guidelines.

10. If the "Seperation Distance" is less than the "Reactive Nearfield" you should use the "Reactive Nearfield"
as the minimum distance (ICNIRP 1998).

11. The height of a human is 1.84M tall Wikipedia.

12. RSGB pre-calculated minimum dipole heights have been added as specified int the worst cases from RSGB EMF Precalculated Dipoles.